Hyperpituitarism and hypopituitarism are two disorders connected with pituitary gland malfunction. The significant difference between hypopituitarism and hyperpituitarism shows that hypopituitarism is a medical disorder that leads to the loss of pituitary hormone presentation. In contrast, hyperpituitarism is a medical disorder due to the surplus presentation of pituitary hormones. Pituitary disorders typically influence sexual growth, adrenal operation, thyroid operations, pigmentation of the skin, and development.
What is Hypopituitarism?
This is described as a rare disorder with a loss of one or many hormones, often produced by pituitary glands. These pituitary-created hormones are in charge of necessary operations in the human body, such as metabolism, expansion and development, and reproduction. Usually, the hypothalamus interacts with the pituitary gland and informs the pituitary lobes to discharge its hormones. As such, hypopituitarism can be due to damage to the pituitary lobes or hypothalamus. There are various signs of this disorder which include tiredness, weakness, modifications in the compositions of body fats, infrequent periods, social seclusion, hot flashes, absence of hair in the pubic region, incapacity to yield breastmilk, erectile dysfunction, reduced facial body hair, mood changes, reduced blood pressure, keenness to cold, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, frequent infections, frequent urination, vomiting, nausea, imbalance in the electrolyte, and severe thirst. Brain tumours, hypothalamus or pituitary sarcoidosis, pituitary adenomas, and lymphocytic hypophysitis can trigger this disorder.
However, the diagnosis of hypopituitarism can be made through a hormone level blood examination, hormone stimulation examination, insulin tolerance examination, blood and urine examination, and imaging test. Also, the treatment choices for hypopituitarism have to do with radiation therapy, hormone replacement therapy, and surgery.
What is Hyperpituitarism?
Hyperpituitarism is triggered by genetic tumours that take place as a result of disorders which includes multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes. This is described as a medical disorder that takes place as a result of too much creation of pituitary hormones. This disorder is also described as an overactive pituitary gland. Developed tumours in the pituitary may also trigger this disorder. The indications of this disorder may have to do with the proliferation of fat in the body, reduced sexual interest, quick or infrequent heartbeat, weight loss, dry skin, too much facial hair, stretch marks in the belly which have a pink or purple colour, irregular periods, fragile bones, swollen glands, brain fog, erectile dysfunction, cold tolerance, modification in the facial structures, and constipation.
However, the diagnosis of hyperpituitarism has to do with oral glucose tolerance examination, blood examination, different kinds of brain imaging scans, and stimulation examination. Also, the treatment of hyperpituitarism has to do with drugs to control hormone levels, radiation therapy, and surgeries.
Difference Between Hypopituitarism and Hyperpituitarism
Hypopituitarism is described as a medical disorder that is caused due to the loss of pituitary hormone creation. In contrast, hyperpituitarism is described as a medical disorder that leads to too much pituitary hormone creation.
Hypopituitarism can be triggered as a result of lymphocytic hypophysitis, hypothalamus or pituitary sarcoidosis, brain tumours, and pituitary adenomas. In contrast, hyperpituitarism can be triggered by genetic or developed tumours in the pituitary glands.